托福 百分网手机站

托福独立口语技巧之学会改述

2018-03-14 00:59:38 1190 1195

  托福口语考试分为独立任务和综合任务两个部分,独立任务一般要求考生对所给问题提出自己的看法和观点;而综合任务则更多考察考生对于材料的复述能力。对于很多考生而言,大量练习掌握了答题技巧后,对于综合口语任务的答题思路会更清晰,而且由于原题中的阅读和听力部分提供了大量的语料,所以总结复述起来相对会比独立任务轻松一些。

  独立任务考察的话题相对而言更为多样、广泛,所以很多考生觉得摸不着答题的脉络,会背诵一些模板去组织自己答案的框架,甚至在考场中直接背诵答案的内容和例子,但往往最终都得到一个远比自己口语能力低很多的分数。

  首先,要改造题干。在托福口语的评分细则中明确指出考生如果使用太多题干词汇,得分就会偏低。有考生曾经对一个话题“A school is planning to organize its students to visit the workplace.Which place do you recommend the students to visit? 1. A science lab; 2. Abusiness office; 3. A TV studio.Use specific details and examples tosupport your response.”做出了如下开头式的回答:“If a school is planning to organize its students to visit the workplace,I will choose go to a science lab.” 首先,这种开头基本是对考题的照搬,如果题干很长的话,全部要复述出来也许要花费大概15秒的时间,仅仅只说了一个开头;其次,这样做没有体现出一种变化性,只是一种简单的重复。我们如果说:“I would rather visit the workplace…”这样的开头既简洁,又能对题干进行很好的paraphrase。

  其次,内容可以基于模板融入自己的例子进行改述。比如问道:“If visitors from another country planned to visit your country, wherewould you recommend they go? Explain your choice in detail.”这道题目就可以进行本土化的改造,加入自己生活城市的景点和当地特色。这样做的目的很简单,大多数没有认真准备或者没有进行思考的答案一般说的比较泛泛,而人类语言和思维的共通性极容易让你和其他人的观点撞车,从而最多只能得到中等分数段。所以我们要想有一些变化就需要用到对例子的改述这种方法。比如有一个例子是关于美国的:“If I were asked to give suggestions about cities to foreign visitors, I wouldrecommend New York City--it is truly a city that never sleeps. There areendless things to do and see all year long. No matter what you're in the mood for,New York has it. Some great restaurants, hotels and shops are located in thiscity. I’d suggest the visitors start the day off by walking around in beautifulCentral Park, then have lunch downtown in The Village and go shopping in SoHo.In the evening, they could go see a Broadway show. Then, the next day, the sightseerscould visit the Statue of Liberty, walk around Times Square and maybe even seea New York Yankees baseball game. And, if they didn't want to spend a lot ofmoney, New York is the perfect city for people-watching.”

  在这一段答案中,很棒的一个前提就是“it is truly a city that never sleeps”, 这就说明纽约对于游客来说是一个能从早玩到晚的城市,答案就显得很充实。我们下面就对这个答案进行个性化改造,变成广州版的。

  If I were askedto give suggestions about cities to foreign visitors, I would recommendGuangzhou—it is truly a city that brings rich history and modern itemstogether. There are endless things to do and see all year long. No matter whatyou're in the mood for, GZ has it. Some fancy restaurants, hotels and shops arelocated in this city. I'd suggest the visitors start the day off by walkingaround in Zheng Jia Square, which is a central general store, and my friendscan taste traditionally Cantonese morning breakfast and go shopping in it. Inthe evening, they could see Canton Tower, a luminous TV station. Standing onthe top of skyscraper, they will overlook full views of GZ. Therefore, GZ is amust-visit city for my foreign friends.

  当然,考生完全可以按照自己的喜好对上述模板进行本地化改述,而且建议考生们平时在做brainstorming的时候,可以将自己喜的电影、小说、音乐、人物、地点、食物、想法等都列出来,以方便做出自己的模板。这样,对待托福口语考试就不再像对待生硬的机器聊天,而更像是与自己的朋友倾诉和分享自己的爱好,观点,从而做出自己喜欢而且独特的答案。

[托福独立口语技巧之学会改述]相关文章:

1.托福独立口语技巧

2.托福独立写作的满分小技巧

3.2017托福独立写作技巧

4.托福独立写作技巧

5.托福口语训练技巧

6.托福口语的应试技巧

7. 托福口语技巧解析

8.托福口语练习的技巧

9.练习托福口语的技巧

10.关于托福口语高分小技巧